New Trains for the Oil Fields of Baku

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Baku is a city founded upon oil, for to its inexhaustible founts of naphtha it owes its very existence, its maintenance, its prosperity…. At present Baku produces one-fifth of the oil that is used in the world, and the immense output in crude petroleum from this single city far surpasses that in any other district where oil is found.

Verily, the words of the Scriptures find illustration here: ‘the rock poured me out rivers of oil.’
Oil is in the air one breathes, in one’s nostrils, in one’s eyes, in the water of the morning bath (though not in the drinking water, for that is brought in bottles from distant mineral springs), in one’s starched linen — everywhere. This is the impression one carries away from Baku, and it is certainly true in the environs

Abraham Valentine Williams Jackson
From Constantinople to the Home of Omar Khayyam, 1911